|JACKET CHIPS AND TEARS|
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Images of damage to book jackets: rubbing, tears and chips.
Rubbing: The wearing away of surface material by abrasion.
Tear: A break in the paper.
Closed tear: A tear where no material has been lost. A closed tear can be nearly invisible when the sides are pressed back into place.
Chip: A missing piece of the jacket.
Crease: A line of damage to the paper, showing where it was once folded. Frequently the fibers of the paper or the top layer of varnish or ink will be broken.
The books in the first photograph below range from Fine (example #1) down to Very Good (example #5).
1. Fine (no defect visible at all)
The books in this second set would all be somewhere along the Good to Very Good continuum, with the book at the left (example #6) closest to the Very Good side. The top of the spine is often the worst part of the jacket, and overall grading might be be improved if fault shown was the only thing wrong with the jacket.
6. Good. Top of spine worn. Rest of jacket well rubbed.
The next two books show significant creasing and rubbing, as well as tears and chips.
11. Fair. Numerous creases, small chips and tears along upper edge of jacket. Rubbing evident elsewhere on cover.
13. Poor. Large tears at the top of the jacket and a large section missing at the bottom. Creases and rubbing overall.